Preventative care is the best care when it comes to preventing foot ulcers. The goal is to stop foot injuries at their most minor level. Be vigilant when it comes to preventing and caring for blisters, calluses and corns. A doctor should be able to inspect a patient’s shoes and inform the patient whether they fit well enough to prevent unnecessary friction or pressure on the foot. Orthotics (orthopedic insoles) may be necessary to ensure a proper foot; other diabetics find that well-fitted athletic shoes are adequate when it comes to keep their foot callus , corn, blister, bunion and hammertoe free. Flat foot that goes untreated can lead to deformity of the foot and/or excessive pronation (ankles turn inward) and foot surgery is the only way to correct the problem. Most surgeries involve removing a wedge of bone to change the angle of the heel bone. Recovery time for this type of foot surgery can last for up to several weeks as the foot will need to be casted and immobilized. When a diabetic has visits with their physician, they need to bring up any issues they are having with their feet too their physician. Pain, tingling and foot sensitivity should not be overlooked and ignored. Corns and calluses are NOT soft tissue problems and there is no "root" to be removed. No matter how much they are cut down or debrided, they will return. Painful corns and calluses are the result of abnormal position of the underlying bone. Often hammertoes become painful because a bursal sac will develop between the bone and corn or callus. The bursal sac can be treated with injections and anti-inflammatory medications. If this relieves the symptoms then surgery can be delayed. If these treatments fail, then structural correction of the hammertoe is recommended by your physician. Straightened arcs will help your feet; plus correct and strengthen your back, enhance posture, which in turn will reduce leg, knee and lower back discomfort. To obtain rid of truly bad foot pain depends upon what is triggering the discomfort. Arc support insoles for your shoes are excellent if you have fallen arcs. Insoles aid with flat foot pain, 1 in every 8 people have flat feet. Activities that trigger you to be on your bad aching feet for hours upon hours can feel much better with some great arc support shoes. A foot massage can work marvels if your feet, lower back or hamstrings are tight. When the arch of the foot collapses, the force of the foot on the ground causes the great toe to decrease in its range of motion. This is called “functional hallux limitus”. This simply means that the great toe cannot move through its normal range of motion as you push off the ground. Obviously when you push off, the toe needs to move somewhere. When the great toe cannot move straight up, the foot turns more to the side and you roll off the inside of the foot and great toe. This creates a force pushing the toe toward the other toes.